Advanced Nuclear Power
Advanced Nuclear Power and Propulsion - a new way of thinking
- The Device consists of 3 hollow tubes, shaped as shown in the diagram.
- The Ion Tube - returns unused ions back into the Accelerator Tube. This tube contains electro-magnetic windings that are pulsed to return ions back to the Accelerator Tube.
- The Accelerator Tube - speeds up the ions towards the target. This tube contains about 100 electro-magnetic windings, which pulse in sequence from the Electron Stripper to the Target. As the ion speed nears 300 Million meters per second, pulses of greater magnitude are required.
- The Power Unit Tube - seperates the accelerated ions according to their positive charge. Ions that have not yet lost enough electrons are recycled back into the Ion Tube. Ions that have lost the proper number of electrons are passed into the Target.
- The Injector - New Ions are fed into the device through this opening.
- The Electron Stripper - is a very thin, heavy metal barrier. It strips electrons from the ion beam. It's thickness varies, but when new, it is about 7,000 atoms in thickness. This part wears out and must be replaced over time. It must be a very dense and strong metal such as Depleted Uranium 238 - density 19.1.
- The Gap - decides which ions strike the Target, and which ions recycle in the Ion Tube. The Gap is electrically insulated from the other tubes, and carries a positive charge on it's upper side. Ions which have lost enough electrons are repelled by the positive charge on the Gap, and strike the Target in the Power Unit.
- The Target - is made of heavy metal. It is thermally and electrically insulated from the other tubes. When ions strike the Target, they travel through a small "funnel shaped" entrance that contains a spiraling positive charge. This charge forces the ions to strike with such force that they combine with a random nucleus in the heavy metal Target mass. The accelerated ion and the target combine to form energy. This way, the kinetic energy of the ion is spent, so that it won't act as an opposite to the acceleration it received in the Accelerator Tube. The Target can get very hot, depending on the quantity of ions that are accelerated into it. This heat is exchanged away from the Target, and used for power generation. It must be a very dense and strong metal, like Depleted Uranium 238 - density 19.1.
How it Works - The Technical Details
- Power Generation Mode
- The Injector - Ions are fed at a rate that produces the desired power. More Ions = More Power, Less Ions = Less Power.
- The Accelerator Tube - Pulse Frequency runs in the range of 300 - 400 Megahertz.
- The Power Unit - Absorbs the Ions (which now contain no electrons), producing power at a rate proportional to the Ions fed into the Injector.
- Thrust Mode
- The Injector - Ions are fed at a constant rate.
- The Accelerator Tube - Pulse Frequency varies, from about 600 - 1,800 Megahertz. Higher Frequency = More Thrust. Lower Frequency = Less Thrust.
- The Power Unit - Absorbs the Ions (which now contain no electrons), producing power to feed the device. Excess (waste) power must be removed while in this mode.
Theory of Operation
First of all, what is a NIT ?
Visualize an atom of consisting of a tiny, positively charged, dense center. Then surround this center with a very light, but negatively charged wrapper. If you remove the atom's "wrapper" - what remains is a tiny, positively charged, piece of matter. The outermost parts of the wrapper are fairly easy to remove, but the wrapper gets increasingly difficult to remove as it gets more thin.
Take Carbon - it contains 6 electrons, 6 protons and 6 neutrons.
Take Xenon - it contains 54 electrons, 54 protons and about 77 neutrons.
Next, remove this "wrapper" of electrons from any atom, and you have a tiny, positively charged "NIT".
One NIT of Carbon has a charge of 6 volts. (all electrons removed)
One NIT of Xenon has a charge of 54 volts. (all electrons removed)
How do we create a NIT of Xenon?
A common atom of Xenon is introduced into the device through the Injector.
At first, the Xenon has all of it's electrons, so has very little "net" charge.
But, it has enough of a charge to be attracted to the entrance of the Accelerator Tube.
The Xenon travels around the side of the Electron Stripper and into the Accelerator Tube,
where it picks up speed, and begins flowing clockwise around the inside of the device.
In normal operation, the atoms circle around inside the device about 300 Million times per second (300 Mhz).
Gradually, the atom picks up speed, until it begins to travel fast enough to penetrate the thin metal Electron Stripper.
When this happens, one of the electrons get "sand-papered off" onto the Electron Stripper.
Each time One Electron is "sand papered" off, the atom gains a Positive charge of One Volt.
After thousands of cycles around the device, all of the electrons finally get stripped off.
We now have One NIT of Xenon with a charge of 54 volts.
What happens to the NIT?
The NIT now has enough positive charge that it is attracted into the Target.
The Target has a Negative charge just strong enough to attract the NIT into its entrance.
Inside the entrance to the Target, is a spirialing electromagnet that forces the NIT into its center, like a funnel.
The NIT is traveling very fast. Fast enough to find, and strike another atom inside the target. It is travelling so fast, that it eventually hits another atom in the Target so directly, that it touches the center of the other atom.
When the NIT touches the center of the other atom, all hell breaks loose.
The NIT and the other atom combine so quickly that they turn into pure energy.
The pure energy is released as heat, and the inertia of the NIT disappears in the conversion.
The heat must be removed from the Target, and can be used to generate power.
Each NIT is converted to about as much heat as you have when you light a Stick Match.
How is this Device used in Propulsion Mode?
One NIT circling around the device at about 250 Megahertz produces no propulsion.
One NIT circling around the device at about 600 Megahertz produces very strong propulsion.
One NIT circling around the device at about 900 Megahertz produces tremendous propulsion.
By Varying the Frequency of the NITs traveling around the device, we Vary the Thrust.
The Forward Thrust is where the Left Side of the Accelerator Tube is pointing.
How is this Device used in Power Mode?
One NIT circling around the device at about 200 Megahertz produces no power.
One NIT circling around the device at about 300 Megahertz produces tremendous power.
By Varying the Frequency and the Number of NITs traveling around the device, we Vary the Power.
How much THRUST can it generate?
(454 grams) of fuel per hour ( 13.5 cubic feet of Xenon, at STP, for example ) generates:
|3,013,678,942 Foot Pounds || of Thrust per Hour |
|50,227,982 Foot Pounds || of Thrust per Minute |
|837,133 Foot Pounds || of Thrust per Second |
Example: Boeing 747 Jet Aircraft - Takeoff and Climb to 30,000 feet:
|Aircraft Weight: || 600,000 pounds (fully loaded) |
|Start Altitude: || Sea Level |
|Climb to Altitude: || 30,000 feet |
|Time to Climb: || 10 minutes (600 seconds) |
|Total Energy Required: || (600,000 lbs * 30,000 feet) = 18 billion foot pounds |
|Energy Required per Second: || (18 billion ft/lbs / 600 seconds) = 30 million foot pounds per second |
|Total Fuel Required: || (18 billion ft/lbs needed) / (3.013 billion ft/lbs per lb Fuel) = 5.97 Pounds of Fuel|
| || 5.97 Lbs Fuel = 2,707 grams of Fuel per 600 Seconds |
| || 5.97 Lbs of Liquid Xenon Fuel = 0.934 Gallons of Liquid Xenon |
| || = 270.7 grams of Fuel per Minute |
| || = 4.51 grams of Fuel per Second |
|Conclusion: || 4.51 grams of fuel per second during Takeoff and Climb to Altitude |
| || is considered good fuel economy for heavy 747. |
| || After reaching altitude, fuel consumption is reduced. |
Example: Space Shuttle - Takeoff and Climb to 740,000 ft (140 miles)
|Space Craft Weight: || 600,000 pounds, fully loaded. (300 Short Tons) |
|Start Altitude: || Sea Level |
|Climb to Altitude: || 740,000 feet (140 miles) LEO |
|Time to Climb: || 60 minutes (3600 seconds) (1 Hour to Orbit) |
|Total Energy Required: || (600,000 lbs * 740,000 feet) = 444 billion foot pounds |
|Energy Required per Second: || (444 billion ft/lbs / 3600 seconds) = 123 million foot pounds per second |
|Total Fuel Required: || (444 billion ft/lbs needed) / (3.013 billion ft/lbs per lb Fuel) = 147.3 Pounds of Fuel |
| || 147.3 Lbs Fuel = 66,814 grams of Fuel per 3600 Seconds (10 minutes) |
| || 147.3 Lbs of Liquid Xenon Fuel = 23.06 Gallons of Liquid Xenon |
| || = 1,113 grams of Fuel per Minute |
| || = 2.45 Pounds of Fuel per Minute |
| || = 18.56 grams of Fuel per Second |
|Conclusion: || 2.45 Pounds of Fuel per Minute during Takeoff and Climb to Altitude |
| || is considered good fuel economy for a Space Shuttle. |
| || After reaching orbit, fuel consumption is reduced. |
How much ELECTRICAL POWER can it generate?
(454 grams) of fuel ( 13.5 cubic feet of Xenon, at STP, for example ) generates:
1.135 Megawatt Hours
(Mwh) of Power.
1,135 Kilowatt Hours
(Kwh) of Power.
-or- 1,522 Horsepower Hours
-or- 975,924 Kilocalories
-or- 3,872,780 BTU's
Example: Powering the average Residential Home:
assume that the average home uses power at this rate:
|Average Power per Hour: || 1.37 Kilowatts |
|Average Power per Day: || 32.854 Kilowatts |
|Average Power per Year: || 12,000 Kilowatts |
|Fuel Required per Hour: || 1.37 Kwh / 1,135 Kwh/lb Fuel = 1.207 thousandths of 1 pound per hour|
|Fuel Required per Day: || 28.97 thousandths of 1 pound (13.14 grams) per Day|
|Fuel Required per Month: || 0.88 Pounds (400 grams) per Month|
|Fuel Required per Year: || 10.57 Pounds (4.8 Kilograms) per Year|
| || 1.65 Gallons of Liquid Xenon fuel per Year|
|Conclusion: || This is good fuel consumption.|
Frequently Asked Questions
- Is this a Joke? No. A Joke would be... depleting fossil fuels in chemical reactions to provide puny power and thrust.
- Do they really work? Yes. There are countless numbers of these units in operation right now.
- Can I see one working? Yes. You will need to think in a different way than you have been thinking, however, to see one.
- Can I obtain one of these? Yes. But it may take some time to have it delivered and installed.
- How much do they cost? These devices are free. They are provided at no cost.
- Do they come in different sizes? Yes. The smallest is about the size of a peanut. The largest is about the size of a six story apartment building.
- Who invented it? I don't know. I can only guess, and my best guess is that it was invented by a group of what we would call robots.
- When was it first invented? A very long time ago, tens of millions of years ago, perhaps, but the design evolved and improved as the designers learned from the project.
- How much does it weigh? The device I have illustrated here is about 4 by 3 feet, and weighs about 2500 pounds. This includes the accessories it needs, but are not shown in the drawing.
- Can it provide electrical power to cities? Yes. It is simple to use this device in "Power Mode" to create the heat to turn steam turbines. However, the inventors don't use steam turbines, they use the 'kickback' from the electromagnetic pulse that is generated when a NIT collides with an atomic center, inside the Target. This pulse is transferred through a coil and conducted outside of the device, which then powers the primary circuit of what you might call a transformer.
- Can it eliminate Power Transmission Lines? Yes. Because these devices are simple, they can be located near their points of use. In this way, power grids become obsolete, and can be removed and their metals recycled.
- Can it power an airplane? Yes. Every type of airplane. Even airplanes you haven't seen that are hundreds of times larger than our Boeing 747's. The device that I have sketched on this webpage can easily provide all of the power a fully loaded Boeing 747 needs, except Boeing would likely use 3 units running at partial power, for safety reasons. In this example, the combined weight of the 3 units would be about 10,000 pounds. Nice, though, because they wouldn't have to carry 50,000 gallons of jet fuel - and you wouldn't have the drag of the engine nacelles and fans hanging from the wings.
- Can it power an automobile? Yes. Trucks too. In this application, two devices are required. One for forward thrust, one for reverse (stopping). Sometimes mechanical braking is not enough to stop very large trucks weighing hundreds of times as much as trucks you are familiar with.
- Can it power ships? Yes. Ships are no problem. Many sizes of these devices can power many sizes of ships.
- Can it power space craft? Yes. The designers had this purpose in mind, among other things. Should you build a space craft using a device like this, you would find that once you travelled outside strong gravity fields, that you could travel many thousands of multiples of what you think of as 'the speed of light'. However, when used to power space craft, the frequency of the device is normally increased to beyond 1.8 Ghz. (This is about double the frequency that some cell phones transmit at). The increase in frequency causes the NITs to accelerate much more, which gives greater thrust and fuel efficiency.
- Is it Patented? No, and never will be. The device is released into the Public Domain. Any entity is allowed to build, sell, use, or modify this design in any way they see fit. It is here for taking.
- Is there a Royalty Charge for it's use? No. Furthermore, it would be wrong for any builder or owner of one of these devices to charge royalty fees for its use.
- Can I have one immediately? No. You will have to wait for a while, but you won't like this answer, you will want one right now, no matter what I say. Maybe I will add a catalog to my website, listing all of the models available, and their specifications, but I am a one person company, so it will take more time to complete this enormous task.
- Must it use Xenon as fuel? No. I used Xenon only as an example fuel. Any Element above Atomic Weight 53 that can be easily ionized to +1 can be used as fuel. Elements below 53 just don't have enough Positive charge to deflect into the Target. There may be smaller devices like this that can run on Carbon, but the Carbon subject is beyond the scope of this web page.
- If you accelerate at 1G toward a 140 mile insertion orbit around Earth (LEO),
you will reach stationary orbit in 48.12 minutes!
- If you accelerate at 1G for 12.73 Hours, you will be travelling 1 Million Miles Per Hour!
- The Earth is about 93 Million miles from the Sun.
Mars averages about 140 Million miles from the Sun.
The closest Earth gets to Mars is about 47 Million miles.
The farthest Earth can get from Mars is then about 233 Million miles.
Travelling 1 Million miles per hour, here is the (simplified) math:
Shortest Time: Earth to Mars in 47 + (12.73*2) Hours = 72.46 Hours (3.02 days).
Longest Time: Earth to Mars in 233 + (12.73*2) Hours = 258.46 Hours (10.77 days).
RockyPatterson.com - official website of Val "Rocky" Patterson
NOTE: This page was born July 31, 2008
NOTE: Last modified: August 1, 2008